The spine, also known as the spinal column, is a complex structure made up of bones (vertebrae), discs, and joints that extend from the base of the skull to the pelvis. It provides support and protection for the spinal cord and nerves, while allowing for movement and flexibility.
Common spine disorders include herniated discs, spinal stenosis, degenerative disc disease, spinal fractures, scoliosis, and kyphosis.
Treatment options for spine disorders vary depending on the specific condition and its severity, but may include conservative treatments such as physical therapy, medications, and lifestyle changes, or more invasive treatments such as surgery.
While some spine disorders are caused by factors that cannot be controlled, such as genetics or age-related wear and tear, maintaining good posture, staying physically active, and practicing good body mechanics can help reduce the risk of developing spine disorders.
Non-surgical treatments for spine disorders include physical therapy, medications, chiropractic care, injection therapy, and lifestyle modifications such as exercise and weight management.
Surgery may be necessary for a spine disorder if non-surgical treatments are ineffective or if there is a risk of nerve damage or other serious complications.